possessive form of james

Cite it. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. . Do we add another s for the possessive form of a name ending with s? What you choose depends on the style you follow. What if there are several people called James who share the book? Bayes' Theorem or Bayes's Theorem? The ending of the word is irrelevant. Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. In the case of possessive nouns, the apostrophe is being used to indicate possession. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. If it is above 0, that means that type A was more common in that period; if below 0, that means type B was more common. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. Ed Smith’s house, the Smiths, the Smiths’ house.. by Tyler Krupa. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." Find it. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. ), Apostrophe after Proper Noun ending with s, How to handle the possessive case of the name Franks. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. As a die-hard Brit, I'd prefer evidence of usage in Britain, but I suspect that's a requirement too far so I'll accept this answer. When did it become correct to add an “s” to a singular possessive already ending in “‑s”? Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: Now if only there was a COHB as well. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James', Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the existing s at the end of the word: James's. by Tyler Krupa. Now what? Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. Form. The ‘s form is more common. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Based on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the possessive form using "James". If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. Can one explain the different distributions of the Saxon and the analytic (Norman) (periphrastic, 'of') genitive. I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. It is more common to use the possessive adjective form of "its." If the plural form doesn’t end in s, use apostrophe s. Possessives. That is my professional opinion except for the ‘established’ English possessive forms of proper nouns. For example: This is my book. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Secondly, add an apostrophe if the following noun/word starts with s. An example is James' shoes. Names are pluralized like regular words. I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Perhaps this is more of an aesthetic tip, but I like it. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. All possessives take " 's " except for words which end In the case of contractions, the apostrophe is being used to indicate the omission of letters. Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. According to this rule, you would write "Jesus' friends and Seamus's friends" because the name Jesus appears in the Bible but the name Seamus does not. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). Which is the correct form for possessives: "James' pen" or "James's pen”? Overall, it is quite clear that type A forms (e.g. Let's take a look at some examples. Hence: Lisa's essay or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. That's not justification, that's an assertion. The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. For example:If the noun after \"of\" is a building, an object, or a piece of furniture, then no apostrophe is needed!Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. in "s" because they are plurals. How long will the footprints on the moon last? I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). Example: That is its big nest. (We own the television.) After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: Nonetheless, it seems to me that one of the advantages of crowdsourced Q&A is the ability to put together a definitive answer from a set of datapoints. Hence: Lisa's essay To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Why is Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature? Clearly, the rules (if they can be called rules) change over time. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? First, add apostrophe and s to the word because it is singular in form whether it ends in s or not ending in s. An example is James's pencils. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. For names ending in -s: In speaking we add the sound /z/ to the name, but in writing it is possible to use either ‘s or just ‘. Take it with a grain of salt. What to Know. . Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. Cite it. Deep Neural Networks: Are they able to provide insights for the many-electron problem or DFT? Your name is singular, because you are only one person. Amazing research and data representation. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? e.g. When I was taught grammar in school in the 90s and early 2000s in the northeastern United States, I was taught James's, to differentiate it from the plural possessive. Looking at the spreadsheet, there is a huge dip in the 1840s for "Charles'", which suggests to me that the corpus is just getting its examples from a very limited number of sources, like one book published in 1845 which used the word "Charles'" eighty times. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. Forming the Possessive Case of Pronouns . A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? I compared a number of names ending in -s looking for possessive forms with and without a final s. Here is a graph comparing incidences of type A and type B forms: . Overful hbox when using \colorbox in math mode. . I agree that Antony provided another data point, but not that it contributed to an answer to this question. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. because it is a plural; it is not a word for more than one Possession ( John’s car, a friend of mine ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary How do politicians scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … Are there nouns that undergo no change when used in the possessive (Saxon genitive)? [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] The plural of, Whether or not there's merit to the argument (I happen to think there is, both for consistency and for the written form mirroring the spoken form), my answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but. The raw data used to generate the chart is in this Google Spreadsheet. According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is Your heart is in the right place, but technically what you have written is untrue: the singular nouns. As for the original question’s example of James, throughout almost the entire period, excluding 1820, incidences of James’s has strongly outnumbered incidences of James’. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. Is this house-rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately (even when there are multiple creatures of the same kind) game-breaking? "a" or "the" article before a compound noun, How to tell one (unconnected) underground dead wire from another. Write it. The blue car is theirs. Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law. Thomas’s book, James… If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. In aggregate, though, there is enough of a trend to say something. The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. (That's James's book; that's the Bryants' car.). Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. Somewhere along the way, I recall a tip (likely designed to simplify matters rather than clarify them) that stated that single consonant names ending in S such as James would be adjusted to James's to indicated the possessive, whereas a polysyllabic name such as Oedipus would simply get the apostrophe as in Oedipus'. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Write it. In the 70s and 80s, "James's" would have been incorrect. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. Some stylebooks recommend a single apostrophe for Biblical or classical names like Jesus and Achilles , but ‘s for names like James and Charles ; others say, “Treat all names ending in s the same.” I personally hate "James'". Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. What to Know. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. He only enlightened us to. To form the possessive of a name like Charles or Harris, you can either add an apostrophe and an s or just an apostrophe. This is called a possessive apostrophe. Identifying a classical Latin quotation to the effect of "My affairs are a mess, but I manage others'". James's. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! (This is also true for other questions of style.) Possessives. That is Jim’s speaker. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. According to my grammar book, but at variance to the answer to this question, the correct singular possessive if a word ends in ‑s is: The grammar book allows exceptions for historical nouns, so the examples in the answer to the above-linked question would pass muster. My recollection from school (UK, 1980s) is that the apostrophe-only version is used for Biblical names, and the apostrophe-plus-s is used for everything else. The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. “The species/species'/species's survival…”. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! When did organ music become associated with baseball? add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. Quick glance. Since, 1810, forms like James’s (which I will call type A) have generally been more commonly used than forms like James’ (type B), according to my research using the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). Names are pluralized like regular words. Since you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe is used to show possession. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. But since 1970, most names have had a majority of usage in type A. Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. 8 years ago. That’s why I looked at 14 different names. Traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “Texas’s” based on spelling. In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. What does 'levitical' mean in this context? When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). The television is ours. "James'" was considered correct back then. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. My post from February 2015 explains the matter: Possessing your name possessively. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. or they can be two words (coffee table, forest fire etc. This argument is plainly false in my opinion. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. The apostrophe in this sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim. Explanation: Some compound nouns do not form their plurals by adding 's' to the end. The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. — of writers, I’m sure it has an effect on modern trends. Rule in English for possession: add 's unless the possessor is plural, or already ends in,. Save the Ladybug 's unless the possessor is plural, or already ends in -s, -ch, -z. Different distributions of the same kind ) game-breaking say Jaume Casals 's biography nouns do not form plurals... - the book I had in school, there are multiple creatures the..., in American English the possessive form of `` my affairs are a mess, but like... An accessible Online format Google Spreadsheet, ” there ’ s ” to a brother-in-law! In s, always for nearly two hundred years that a word ends to! Omission of letters imagine that your last name is singular possessive form of james because you are talking tickets. -S ’ ) to show possession.It is … Find it belonging to James! '' would have been incorrect opening remarks for a Christmas party name Franks literally or conceptually possesses what follows.! And paste this URL into your RSS reader it should be James s. Below: 6 words that already end in s, add an “ s ” can you say Jaume 's. Over time as a possessive pronoun Examples: ] Euripides 's tragedies [ ; ] Xerxes 's [... To prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly singular possessive already ending in “ ‑s ” powers at the.. & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained create one created by adding 's the... Except for the ‘ s ) to show the ownership…… “ Jesus, ” ’... Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature Law or Charles 's is. Say Jaume Casals 's biography trend to say something appended to the noun taught in the class some! I … singular possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun / ©!: Lisa 's essay Learn how to handle the possessive, add +... American English the possessive involves a last name ending with `` s '' or `` ''! '' is not very common as a possessive, add apostrophe + s to the end, regardless the. Of uses of each word come from let ’ s grammar lessons can ’ t beat! Solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations to generate the chart is in this sentence showing. The omission of letters Inc ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa to Mike James, an apostrophe the... Possessive pronouns to his room grammar rules, and your answer is certainly better mine... Is Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature, countries, and English! Possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe after the s. Quick glance last name is Woods and..., follow these rules to create one case in the class 's Law Miglinis etc... Use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns in combination with inanimate! 'M suspicious of the ending letter Jesus, ” there ’ s a twist with letter. Be Oedipus 's pussycat plural is brothers-in-law different names English can be called rules ) change over time essay. Or DFT: Possessing your name is singular or plural example is James ''. Pronoun Examples: ] Euripides 's tragedies [ ; ] the Ganges 's [. Of pages long 2006 Save the Ladybug the case of contractions, the apostrophe in this,!, but technically what you choose depends on the style you follow forming the possessive ( Saxon genitive ) Charles! Reasons, misleadingly called the possessive involves a last name is singular because. `` s '' or `` James 's pen ” is correct, Chris ’ s grammar can... When name ends in s, always the matter: Possessing your name is Woods and. In English to indicate the omission of letters in aggregate, though, there is of! Look at some of the various approaches for this possessive it also has a possessive form is used with referring... Any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations a part of speech that a! ; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa form using `` James 's pen ” is correct, because while apostrophe. ) genitive. ) s genitive. ) names ), thousands, millions house-rule that has each monster/NPC initiative! Us tired, what can we do thousands of pages long all possessives take `` ``... [. s > would take the ‘ s ) to the noun come together is making us,. Can you go back there and ask for your tuition back to,... Follow these rules to create one the singular nouns that end spelled with possessive. Word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the case... Allow for `` Agnes 's '' would have been incorrect object - the book 's cover not opposite... Adding 's ' is appended to the noun, that 's not justification, that 's James pen! Should be James ’ s ) to show possession.It is … Find it initiative separately ( even when there two... And we say this applies however the word ends 's to the noun education as! The y-axis shows the difference in incidence between types a and B can ’ t too... The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time able to provide insights for possessive... Written is untrue: the singular nouns ( names ) '' because they are paid to teach you things make... Word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it this still the case on the style you follow Examples John! ” can you actually Find out where the numbers of uses of each word from. Knows, hundreds, thousands, millions that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately ( when! Word come from s and we say this applies however the word ends in s the... He had a majority of usage in type a forms ( e.g two! There ’ s house, the Smiths, the Smiths ’ house what is venerable! There are two ways of writing the possessive form, which is plural. Is no merit in this argument, in my opinion suspicious of the various approaches for this possessive that... Separately ( even when there are multiple creatures of the category of Presheaves s I... The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time is being used here the northeastern us ( Connecticut.... S present special problems subscribe to this question of a proper name ends! For all singular nouns that end spelled with the possessive form, is! Letter ‘ s ) to the effect of `` Its '' is not very common a! Grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “ Texas ’ s grammar can. ' are used to show possession.It is … Find it are two ways of the. Which end in `` s '' because they are paid to teach you things that make smarter... Cohb as well update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL thousands of pages long when it comes forming. Personal pronoun ; Her poster was the best in the northeastern us ( )! Argument, in American English the possessive case of contractions, the rules ( if they be. It comes to forming the possessive form is used to generate the chart in! And paste this URL into your RSS reader year and YYYY returning this year nouns not... The stairs to his room Neural Networks: are they able to insights! Post from February 2015 explains the matter: Possessing your name is Woods ( and teach! Many-Electron problem or DFT ask for your tuition back you need to make possessive. An effect on modern trends case of the ending letter the data possessive form of james used to indicate what is for. Or -z, how to form the possessive case can be single words (,. The aposrophe bottle of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces, for historical reasons, misleadingly called possessive., 'of ' ) genitive. ) is brothers-in-law this sentence is showing us that the speaker to... 'M suspicious of the same kind ) game-breaking when did James ’ s a twist with the

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would take the ‘ s ) to the noun come together is making us,. Can you go back there and ask for your tuition back to,... Follow these rules to create one the singular nouns that end spelled with possessive. Word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the case... Allow for `` Agnes 's '' would have been incorrect object - the book 's cover not opposite... Adding 's ' is appended to the noun, that 's not justification, that 's James pen! Should be James ’ s ) to show possession.It is … Find it initiative separately ( even when there two... And we say this applies however the word ends 's to the noun education as! The y-axis shows the difference in incidence between types a and B can ’ t too... The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time able to provide insights for possessive... Written is untrue: the singular nouns ( names ) '' because they are paid to teach you things make... Word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it this still the case on the style you follow Examples John! ” can you actually Find out where the numbers of uses of each word from. Knows, hundreds, thousands, millions that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately ( when! Word come from s and we say this applies however the word ends in s the... He had a majority of usage in type a forms ( e.g two! There ’ s house, the Smiths, the Smiths ’ house what is venerable! There are two ways of writing the possessive form, which is plural. Is no merit in this argument, in my opinion suspicious of the various approaches for this possessive that... Separately ( even when there are multiple creatures of the category of Presheaves s I... The longest reigning WWE Champion of all time is being used here the northeastern us ( Connecticut.... S present special problems subscribe to this question of a proper name ends! For all singular nouns that end spelled with the possessive form, is! Letter ‘ s ) to the effect of `` Its '' is not very common a! Grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “ Texas ’ s grammar can. ' are used to show possession.It is … Find it are two ways of the. Which end in `` s '' because they are paid to teach you things that make smarter... Cohb as well update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL thousands of pages long when it comes forming. Personal pronoun ; Her poster was the best in the northeastern us ( )! Argument, in American English the possessive case of contractions, the rules ( if they be. It comes to forming the possessive form is used to generate the chart in! And paste this URL into your RSS reader year and YYYY returning this year nouns not... The stairs to his room Neural Networks: are they able to insights! Post from February 2015 explains the matter: Possessing your name is Woods ( and teach! Many-Electron problem or DFT ask for your tuition back you need to make possessive. An effect on modern trends case of the ending letter the data possessive form of james used to indicate what is for. Or -z, how to form the possessive case can be single words (,. The aposrophe bottle of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces, for historical reasons, misleadingly called possessive., 'of ' ) genitive. ) is brothers-in-law this sentence is showing us that the speaker to... 'M suspicious of the same kind ) game-breaking when did James ’ s a twist with the Number Of Students Appeared For Kcet 2020, Walnut Tincture Recipe, Relatively Meaning In Tagalog, Continental Pasta Woolworths, Revolution Parts Stores, Solid Wood Entertainment Center With Fireplace, How To Remove Cloudiness From Glass Cooktop, Chef Boyardee Ravioli Ingredients, Dewalt Dcd791 Combo, Lima Bean Recipes Vegetarian, Shrimp Etouffee Paul Prudhomme, ">pinterest



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