why did the spaniards come to jamaica

At the time of the British conquest of the island in 1655, General Venables recorded the presence of many "Portuguese" in Jamaica. The Spanish established ranches on the southern plains, and were responsible for the introduction of cattle, pigs, chickens, horses, cats and dogs. They fled because of the Spanish inquisition. Their arrival bought about the introduction of the Roman Catholic faith to the Caribbean and indoctrination of all those who were under their rule. On Columbus' fourth voyage to the New World in 1503, he sought refuge near a Taino village called Maima in Jamaica. The treatment of the Tainos were appalling, they were often overworked and underfed. Jamaica has a vivid and painful history, marred since European settlement by an undercurrent of violence and tyranny. However, the game of life isn't always as simple as it seems in fact their time in the New World wasn't a bed a roses. By 1598, less than half of the Taino population remained. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. The Spaniards also set up a number of towns across the island. This ushered in a period of Spanish settlement which lasted from 1509 to 1655. The colonists were involved in ship building and repairs. (Senior, 2003, p. 446). First, the question asks why Spaniards (or Europeans in general) would want to come to a place like the Caribbean. As early as 1555 the French attacked the island, then the English, in 1597 under the leadership of Sir Anthony Shirley. (Source: G.A. Rather than become slaves to new masters, vast numbers of Spanish slaves took this opportunity to join the Maroons in the hill country. Jamaica was claimed for Spain by explorer Christopher Columbus in 1494. The Arawak were there to greet Christopher Columbus when he arrived in Jamaica in 1494, beginning a long period of European colonization there. In return, the colonists were responsible for teaching the natives Christian principles, paying them wages and looking after their wellbeing. The discovery of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean served as a form of encouragement for Columbus to explore and find more islands. Under the rule of the Spaniards the Taino population dramatically declined as a result of the combination of new diseases such as smallpox, and the ill treatment meted out to them by the colonists. Spanish - After Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain in 1494, other Spanish settlers came to the island, starting in the early 16th century. The Spanish also transported hundreds of … When the Spanish (in the form of Columbus's expedition) came to the Caribbean in the late 15th century, they were coming for "gold, God, and glory… The first 30 years of settlement saw the Tainos becoming almostextinct due to disease, slavery and malnutrition. From 1509 to 1655, what we know as Jamaica was called Santiago, a colony of Spain. The first Spanish settlement was called Sevilla la Nueva, New Seville. In addition to Jamaica, Spain also controlled many other islands in the same area, which they called the British West Indies. He remained on the island for a year before returning to Spain. By Ainsley Henriques. Diego later appointed Juan de Esquivel, Governor of Jamaica. In 1655, the British ended a failed attempt to steal Santo Domingo from Spain by stealing the one island they didn’t care about enough to protect.I’m sure even fellow Jamaicans are wondering where I’m going with this, but after hanging around way too many Spaniards – and dating two – I’ve noticed a few things.Ricardo, Daniel, Emilio, Leo, Adrian, and Ian are all common Jamaican names. 12589. The Tainos enslaved the Saladoids, making them a labouring underclass that was denied Taino luxuries such as hammocks and cassava. There he was greeted by the Tainos, who treated them as kings presenting them with peace offerings of cassava, fruit and fish not knowing that this initial interaction would be the advent of years of torture and mistreatment that would decimate their population so rapidly that would lead to their eventual demise. In 1508, Colombus' son Diego was appointed Governor of the Indies. Our fast facts section about Jamaica is very informative. By 1750 the Scots accounted for one-third of Jamaica's white population. Select a region to start exploring or search for a day out near you. All Rights Reserved. Soon Jewish settlers came to Jamaica, followed by migrant traders from the Middle East. If Spaniards were there, they were running plantations, but there were very few Spaniards in Jamaica. All together these groups created the diverse people of Jamaica today, to which we owe the national motto “Out of Many, One People’. When did they come? Colonel John Campbell, the first in a long line of Campbells (said to be one of Jamaica's most popular surnames) was a captain at Darien before settling in Jamaica, marrying well and becoming one of the island's gentry. History Facts. The arrival of the Spaniards in 1494 marked the beginning of drastic changes in the lifestyle of the Tainos as they were forced into servitude. The Spanish also came without women and as of such, often the Taino women were raped by the settlers. Christopher Columbus arrived in Jamaica on May 6, 1494 in search of gold which he never found. However, many of the Spaniards’ escaped slaves had formed communities in the highlands, and increasing numbers also escaped from British plantations. Jamaican Jewish History. Among the structures erected were a fort, a fortified castle and a Catholic Church. In addition, he and his sailors founded some settlements, such as Santa Gloria (now St. Ann'… Lebanese, like the Jews who had come centuries before, arrived in Jamaica by their own free will towards the end of the nineteenth century. They reached Jamaica via the Dominican Republic and soon absorbed the Saladoid culture into their own. They were traded to become slaves to work on the sugar cane plantations across the Caribbean region. It begins in 1494 with the arrival of Christopher Columbus , the first European known to have set foot on the island and covers the period of Spanish colonization up to 1655. In a brief account by Bartholomew de Las Casas in, Drawing depicting the destruction of the Tainos by the Spanish, including attacks by dogs, as shown in the upper left hand corner of the drawing. The Spaniards who came were baptised Roman Catholics. January 12, 2020 January 12, 2020 Guest Author . They had probably come from the country now known as Guyana, where Arawak Indians are still to be found. In 1645 the British captured Jamaica from the Spaniards, whose former slaves refused to surrender, took to the mountains and repelled all attempts to subjugate them. They left behind Jamaican-born Spanish and mixed race offspring when the British gained control of the island in the mid 17th century. How The Lebanese And Syrians Came To Jamaica… December 5, 2019 December 5, 2019 Guest Author . Early inhabitants of Jamaica named the land 'Xaymaca', meaning 'land of wood and water'. Although there are very few Spanish structures remaining, there are a number of areas including rivers which maintain Spanish names such as the Rio Minho and the Rio Cobre. Since the arrival of the Spaniards in the New World other European countries constantly vied for control of their holdings. Up until the early 1690s Jamaica's population was relatively equally mixed between white and black. Jews were allowed to settle in Jamaica by the English after their capture of the Island in 1655. Out Of Many Cultures: The People Who Came: The Africans. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Our Jamaica community is also lively and welcoming offline. Once the most numerous indigenous people of the Caribbean, the Taino may have numbered one or two million at the time of the Spanish … Consequently, the island was used a supply base and its strategic position also helped in the conquest of the more fruitful island of Cuba. Excellent Paul Bogl. Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. 4105. when did the Spaniards come to Jamaica ? Excellent George William Gordon & the Rt. Aarons 1983, p. 39). Spanish Historic District Preservation Commission, Lillian's Restaurant & Ruins of Three Concrete Silos, The Rt. Although Jamaica was discovered in 1494, the first set of Spanish settlers came to Jamaica in 1509. In fact it was viewed as a burden and in 1512 there was a movement towards relocating the colony in Cuba. The InterNations Ambassadors host regular get-togethers and a range of expat activities, e.g. To conceal their identity they referred to themselves as "Portuguese" and practiced their religion secretly. Taino, Arawakan-speaking people who at the time of Columbus’s exploration inhabited what are now Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. After a number of excavations it became clear that Jamaica had neither gold nor jewels to offer and this compounded the settler’s frustration. The arrival of Spaniards in Jamaica began in 1494, with the arrival of Christopher Columbus to the island in search of gold (as in Cuba and the Spanish, where he had reported the existence of the island, calling it Xaymaca, intending to say, in the indigenous language, "place of gold blessed"), but then discovered that there was no gold on the island. With the genocide of the indigenous population and the absence of any gold or jewels on the island the Spanish rendered the island as useless. The plant and cultivation of cassava, pumpkin, cashew, sweet potato, arrowroot, corn, cashew, coco, pineapple and yampi SHARES. African - Spanish settlers brought their slaves with them from Europe. These people came to be known as Maroons (from the Spanish cimarron, meaning ‘wild’, a word applied to escaped slaves). He then discovered the island of Cuba and it was there on that island that he learnt from the indigenous people of an island just south of them that was filled with gold and called 'Xamayca' now known as Jamaica. After a number of excavations it became clear that Jamaica had neither gold nor jewels to offer and this compounded the settler’s frustration. However, with the hopes of great fortune in mind Columbus and his crew set sail for the island of Jamaica on the afternoon of May 3, 1494 and arrived on the island on the 5th. The Spanish enslaved the Arawak, who were ravaged further by diseases that the Spanish brought with them. The site was abandoned in about 1524 as it was deemed unhealthy, and a new town, Villa de la Vega was built. By the encomienda system, Spanish settlers were awarded a number of the indigenous people who would work for them. They built the first synagogue in Port Royal but unfortunately, due to a great earthquake, it collapsed on June 7, 1692. Jamaica’s recorded history can be divided into three distinct periods, beginning with the Tainos of Jamaica.. In addition, Spanish ships were constantly under attack by the French, Dutch and English. Jamaica was first colonized by a native group of South American origin who, in the early history of Jamaica, called their home a paradise of wood and water. The colony relied on passing ships for the trade of hides, and fruits. Jamaica was then inhabited by a gentle race of people called the Arawaks or Tainos. When the English captured Jamaica in 1655, many of them fought with the Spanish who gave them their freedom and then fled to the mountains resisting the British for many years to maintain their freedom, becoming known as Maroons (Senior, 2003, p. 5 and 446). However, this was not the reality, in effect the native population was subjugated to years of enslavement. When: Sugar and slavery both introduced by Spaniards in the 16th century, abolished in 19th century Key Facts: Mass battle of freedom from the Cameroons & other African slaves History today: Sugar is still the biggest export in Jamaica Early Jamaica. He claimed the island for the King and Queen of Spain. The overriding ambition of the explorers was to accumulate a vast quantity of wealth at any cost, and then having fulfilled their dream, to return to Spain and live a life of luxury. Columbus named the island as Santiago and used it as a mini-state for his family. Facebook Twitter. Some of these were Liguanea, Guanaboa, Esquivel (Old Harbour), Passage Fort, Oristan (Bluefields) and Ayala (Yallahs). Jamaica - Jamaica - British rule: In 1655 a British expedition under Admiral Sir William Penn and General Robert Venables captured Jamaica and began expelling the Spanish, a task that was accomplished within five years. Approximately 81,500 Indians live in Jamaica today, maintaining their own cultural organizations and roots but assimilated into the wider community. This was due to his ships being in a state of disrepair. Excellent Sir Alexander Bustamante, The Rt. In 1655, the British conquered much of Jamaica, forcing the Spanish to flee to the northern coast. A NEW law in 1985 changed the name of the Jamaica National Trust Commission to the Jamaica National Heritage Trust  and enlarged its functions... © Copyright 2011 Jamaica National Heritage Trust. Caribbean Islands Table of Contents. However, Jamaica never prospered as a Spanish colony. Many Tainos were also brutally murdered as sport which shows the extreme cruelty of the Spanish. Jamaica was not without its share. European settlements in the Caribbean began with Christopher Columbus. They also introduced th… The town was built in 1510. In the 1930’s, politics in Jamaica was born. The Spanish later noted this … You can download a list of declared sites and monuments. Africans were traded from their home villages to slave masters for goods. This was due … a chic dining experience in Jamaica ’s trendiest restaurant or a get-away with fellow Dutch expats to discover the vicinity of Palisadoes sand spit. But it was not occupied until Juan de Esquivel came from Santo Domingo in 1509. and for 146 years Jamaica remained a Spanish colony. Columbus’s initial intention was to get to the East Indies by traveling west and thereby proving his theory that the world was circular, he however landed in the Caribbean. The Morant Bay Courthouse, which was destroyed by fire on Monday, February 19, 2007, is an important part of St. Thomas's history. They came in search of gold. Although not known to him at the time, this was an attempt by the native population to get the colonizers away from their island. 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